Охрана Труда

Обязанности работодателя по охране труда

The employer is obligated to ensure protection to workers' health and safety. The Labour Code and departmental orders make it more exact, for example:

  • approval and revision of the regulations on safety and labor protection;
  • organization of medical examinations;
  • social insurance of workers against  accidents at work;
  • investigation and registration of accidents at work;
  • prevention lifting and moving heavy objects by women or minors, exceeding the limits set under laws;
  • organization of training, instruction, testing knowledge of OSH for workers;
  • prevention and replacement of production equipment and processes for the purpose of making it safer;
  • other cases by the Labour Code.

While employees have the right to a workplace equipped with the safety requirements and labour protection, he/she must comply with the rules and regulations of health and safety at workplace. Employee must immediately inform the employer of work related injuries, damages to workers’ health, symptoms of occupational diseases as well as situations which pose a threat to human life and health.

Sources: §181 and 182 of the Labour Code; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the Rules of development, approval and review of the safety and labor protection by the employer’ 30.11.2015 № 927; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of forms for registration materials of the investigation of accidents at work’ 28.12.2015 № 1055 

Бесплатное обеспечение средствами защиты

Employees have right to be provided with the means of individual and collective defense, in line with the OSH requirements and as provided under employment contract and collective agreement. Employer has a duty to create the necessary sanitary and hygienic conditions for workers, to ensure the delivery and repair of special clothing and footwear for workers, to supply them with means of preventive treatment, detergents and disinfectants, a first aid kit, milk, medicinal and healthy food, personal and collective protective equipment in accordance with the norms established by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Sources: §181 and 182 of the Labour Code; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 28.12.2015 № 1056 ‘About approval of norms for granting workers milk or equivalent foodstuffs, nutritional care’; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 08.12.2015 № 943 ‘About approval of rules granting special clothing and other personal protective equipment to employees of organizations of various types of economic activity’

Обучение в области охраны труда

The employer must conduct briefings on occupational safety and organize training on safe methods and techniques of work and first aid, as well as ensure medical examination for workers. Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of rules and terms of training, coaching and knowledge tests on the safety and security of employees’ establishes details of it.

Sources: §182 of the Labour Code; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of rules and terms of training, coaching and knowledge tests on the safety and security of employees’ 25.12.2015 № 1019

Инспекция труда

State control over the observance of labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan is carried out by state labor inspectors. This system consists of the Head State Inspector of Labour of the Republic of Kazakhstan, chief state inspectors (including in regions) and state inspectors. State labor inspectors must comply with legislation and rights of employers. Control is regulated by the Entrepreneurial Code and special departmental documents, such as the Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the forms of the state labor inspector acts’. State labor inspectors have the right to:

  • give an obligatory order to the employer for elimination of violations of the labour law;
  • consider cases on administrative offenses;
  • investigate industrial accidents;
  • check the observance of labor legislation at the organization.

Kazakh labour law establishes the principle of central and independent labour inspection system in line with the requirements of Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81), that was ratified in 2001.

Sources: §191 of the Labour Code; §140 of the Entrepreneurial Code; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the forms of the state labor inspector acts’ 30.11.2015 № 904 

Нормативное регулирование охраны труда

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Казахстан 2015 г. (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2015 (version 06.04.2016)
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении Правил разработки, утверждения и пересмотра инструкции по безопасности и охране труда работодателем” от 30.11.2015 № 927 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the Rules of development, approval and review of the safety and labor protection by the employer’ 30.11.2015 № 927
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении форм по оформлению материалов расследования несчастных случаев, связанных с трудовой деятельностью” от 28.12.2015 № 1055 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of forms for registration materials of the investigation of accidents at work’ 28.12.2015 № 1055
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении Правил и сроков проведения обучения, инструктирования и проверок знаний по вопросам безопасности и охраны труда работников” от 25.12.2015 № 1019 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of rules and terms of training, coaching and knowledge tests on the safety and security of employees’ 25.12.2015 № 1019
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении форм актов государственного инспектора труда” от 30.11.2015 № 904 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the forms of the state labor inspector acts’ 30.11.2015 № 904
  • Кодекс Республики Казахстан о здоровье народа и системе здравоохранения 2009 г. (в ред. от 21.04.2016) / Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan about health nation and health care system 2009 (version 21.04.2016)
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