Труд Лиц с Семейными Обязанностями

Отпуск в Связи с Отцовством

Kazakh legislation does not provide for special paternity leave. Nevertheless, the Labour Code establishes certain guarantees to fathers on the birth of a child. The employer is obliged on the basis of a written application to provide an employee with leave without pay in case of birth of a child - up to five days.

Sources: §97 of the Labour Code.

Отпуск по Уходу за Ребенком

The unpaid parental leave is available for parents until a child is three years old. The parental leave is available for:

  • mother or father - at the choice of parents;
  • single parents;
  • other relatives bringing up a child without parents;
  • guardian;
  • adoptive parent.

The employee can get the parental leave in whole or in parts specifying this in written application. In the case of return to work before the expiry of the parental leave, the employee must notify the employer at least one month before the start of working. Employment of a worker is secure during this unpaid until the child reaches the age of three years.

During this leave parents are eligible for a monthly social benefit to care for the child up to the age of one year. On the birth of two or more children, monthly social benefit is fixed for each child. It is assigned from child’s date of birth. Monthly social benefit is determined by multiplying the average monthly income by the income replacement index of 0.4. The maximum amount of benefit cannot exceed 40% of ten-times  the minimum wage. Minimum rate is established by law.

Also there is allowance to care for the child up to the age of one year for those, who do not take part in the compulsory social insurance system. At the birth of two or more children, allowance is fixed for each child. Rates of allowance are:

  • for the first child - 5.76 monthly calculation indices;
  • the second child - 6.81 monthly calculation indices;
  • for the third child - 7.85 monthly calculation indices;
  • for the fourth and subsequent children - 8.90 monthly calculation indices.

Since January 2017, the monthly calculation index is 2,269 tenge.

Sources: §99 and 100 of the Labour Code; §1, 4, 8, 10 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state allowances to families with children’ 28.06.2005 № 63-III; §4, 20, 23-2 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II; §07 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017-2019' dated 29.10.2016 No. 25-VI; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About some measures to implement the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state allowances to families with children’ 05.05.2015 № 319

Гибкие условия труда для лиц с семейными обязанностями/баланс «семья-работа»

The employer is obliged to establish a part-time job at the request of a pregnant worker or one of the parents with a child under the age of three. Part-time work is the work which is less than the normal duration (40 hours per week). It can either be in the form of reduction in the daily working hours or reduction in the number of working days in a week or a simultaneous reduction in the daily hours of work and number of working days in a week. Working as part-time does not lead to reduction in the length of paid annual leave, calculation of seniority or other rights at work established by the Labour Code, employment contract or collective agreements.  

The employer is not entitled to involve at night the following employees (without their written consent):

  • women with children aged up to seven years, and others, with children aged up to seven years without a mother;
  • workers with disabled children up to the age of sixteen.

Workers with children under the age of three, children with disabilities (by the medical report) are entitled to refuse from the business trip.

Working women with children under the age of one and a half years, fathers (adoptive parents) with children under the age of one and a half years without a mother, have right to get nursing breaks not less than every three hours of the following duration:

1) having one child - each break of at least thirty minutes;

2) having two or more children - each break of at least one hour.

Under the application of women, nursing breaks are joined to a break for rest and food, or transferred to the beginning or end of the working day. Nursing breaks are considered to be parts of working time and paid in the amount of average earnings.

Labour Code also provides for flexi-time for the purpose of combining socio-domestic and personal requirements of employees with the interests of production.

Sources: §70, 74, 76, 82 and 127 of the Labour Code 

Нормативное регулирование труда лиц с семейными обязанностями

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Казахстан 2015 г. (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2015 (version 06.04.2016)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О республиканском бюджете на 2017-2019 годы” от 29.10.2016 № 25-VI / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 29.10.2016 № 25-VI
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О государственных пособиях семьям, имеющим детей” от 28.06.2005 № 63-III (в ред. от 17.11.2015) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state allowances to families with children’ 28.06.2005 № 63-III (version 17.11.2015)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “Об обязательном социальном страховании” от 25.04.2003 № 405-II (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II (version 06.04.2016)
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан «О некоторых мерах по реализации Закона Республики Казахстан «О государственных пособиях семьям, имеющим детей» от 05.05.2015 № 319 (в ред. от 20.04.2016) / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About some measures to implement the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state allowances to families with children’ 05.05.2015 № 319 (version 20.04.2016)
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