Больничный

Оплата временной нетрудоспособности

The employers are obliged to pay workers a social benefit for temporary disability, based on a medical certificate. Social benefits for temporary disability is paid for the whole period of temporary disability until the day of rehabilitation (or the establishment of invalidity). It is not paid in following cases:

  • temporary disability as a result of industrial injury in the commission of a criminal offense (by a court judgment);
  • compulsory treatment (by a court decision);
  • arrest or forensic medical examination;
  • temporary disability as a result of industrial injury in the commission of alcohol, drugs and toxicological matters;
  • during annual paid leave.

Employers have the right to establish additional payments to employees during temporary disability.

The amount of social benefit for temporary disability is determined by the formula: multiplying the average daily wage to working days of temporary disability. As a rule, the rate of benefit in a month shall not exceed 15-times  the monthly calculation index. The current monthly calculation index is 2,269 tenge. There are some exceptions. For example, social benefit in connection with the industrial injury or occupational diseases is 100% of the average wage.

Sources: §133 of the Labour Code; §07 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017-2019' dated 29.10.2016 No. 25-VI; Resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About determination of rates of social benefits for temporary disability’ 28.12.2015 № 1103; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the Rules of appointment and payment of social benefits for temporary disability’ 30.11.2015 № 907

Медицинская помощь

Guaranteed volume of free medical care includes preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic medical services, according to the list approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The guaranteed volume of free medical care consists of:

  • outpatient care;
  • inpatient care;
  • restorative treatment and medical rehabilitation;
  • palliative care and nursing care; 
  • transportation services.

Resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the list of guaranteed free medical care’ lays out the specifics of free medical care. Guaranteed volume of free medical care, access to health services to the population are minimal social standards of public health.

Sources: §34 and 90 of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan about health nation and health care system, Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About minimum social standards and guarantees’ 19.05.2015 № 314-V; Resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the list of guaranteed free medical care’ 15.12.2009 № 2136

Гарантии занятости

As a rule, it is not allowed to terminate the labour contract by the employer’s initiative during the period of temporary disability. Also the employer can not impose a disciplinary sanction on an employee during temporary disability. Nevertheless, the employment contract may be terminated in the case of absence of employee at work more than two consecutive months due to temporary disability, except maternity leave and disease from the List of illness with longer period of disability.

Sources: §52-54 and 65 of the Labour Code; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the List of illness with term of temporary disability for more than two months’ 28.12.2015 № 1033

Нормативное регулирование временной нетрудоспособности и несчастных случаев на производстве

  • Трудовой кодекс Республики Казахстан 2015 г. (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2015 (version 06.04.2016)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О республиканском бюджете на 2017-2019 годы” от 29.10.2016 № 25-VI / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 29.10.2016 № 25-VI
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О минимальных социальных стандартах и их гарантиях” от 19.05.2015 № 314-V (в ред. от 16.11.2015) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About minimum social standards and guarantees’ 19.05.2015 № 314-V (version 16.11.2015)
  • Кодекс Республики Казахстан о здоровье народа и системе здравоохранения 2009 г. (в ред. от 21.04.2016) / Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan about health nation and health care system 2009 (version 21.04.2016)
  • Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении перечня гарантированного объема бесплатной медицинской помощи” от 15.12.2009 № 2136 (в ред. от 27.01.2014) / Resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the list of guaranteed free medical care’ 15.12.2009 № 2136 (version 27.01.2014)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О минимальных социальных стандартах и их гарантиях” от 19.05.2015 № 314-V (в ред. от 16.11.2015) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About minimum social standards and guarantees’ 19.05.2015 № 314-V (version 16.11.2015)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “Об обязательном социальном страховании” от 25.04.2003 № 405-II (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II (version 06.04.2016)
  • Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан “Об определении размеров социального пособия по временной нетрудоспособности” от 28.12.2015 № 1103 / Resolutions of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About determination of rates of social benefits for temporary disability’ 28.12.2015 № 1103
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении Правил назначения и выплаты социального пособия по временной нетрудоспособности” от 30.11.2015 № 907 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the Rules of appointment and payment of social benefits for temporary disability’ 30.11.2015 № 907
  • Приказ Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении перечня заболеваний, для которых установлен срок временной нетрудоспособности более двух месяцев” от 28.12.2015 № 1033 / Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of the list of illness with term of temporary disability for more than two months’ 28.12.2015 № 1033
  • Постановление Правления Агентства Республики Казахстан по регулированию и надзору финансового рынка и финансовых организаций “Об утверждении нормативных правовых актов, регулирующих организацию и осуществление деятельности по обязательному страхованию работника от несчастных случаев при исполнении им трудовых (служебных) обязанностей” от 01.03.2010 № 28 (в ред. от 27.05.2015) / Resolution of Board of Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Regulation and Supervision of Financial Market and Financial Organizations ‘About approval of normative legal acts regulating the organization and implementation of activities on compulsory insurance of employee from accidents during execution of labor (service) duties’ 01.03.2010 № 28 (version 27.05.2015)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О социальной защите инвалидов в Республике Казахстан” от 13.04.2005 № 39-III (в ред. от 03.12.2015) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About social protection of disabled persons in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 13.04.2005 № 39-III (version 03.12.2015)
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