Социальное Обеспечение

Пенсия по старости

Pension is a sum total of monthly state basic pension payment and (or) pension benefits by age and (or) pension benefits for length of service and (or) from the unified accumulative pension fund and (or) voluntary pension saving fund.

Men, who have reached the age of 63, and women over the age of 58 years have a right to get a retirement pension. By 2027, the retirement age will be gradually raised for women to 63 years.

The early pension is depends on such factors, as age, gender, area of living, length of service, number and ages of children.

The Law ‘About pension provision in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ establishes periods, that is taken into consideration for calculating necessary length of service for getting pension (working by labour contract, military service, entrepreneurial activity, etc.). Calculation of pension by age is made at the rate of 60% of average monthly income (for previous 3 years of working). Income for the calculation of pension by age can not exceed the rate of 41-times the monthly calculation index (The current  monthly calculation index in 2017 is 2,269 tenge).

The current rate of minimum monthly pension is 31,245 tenge. The minimum pension is the minimum social standards in the field of social security.

The state basic pension payment is set for the financial year by the law on the national budget with a phased approaching to the living wage. The current state basic old age pension is 14,466 tenge. It is paid to certain categories of people by law regardless of the receipt of other pension payments.

Also, Kazakh legislation provides retiree by the monthly age allowance. The age allowance is granted to citizens in the absence of the right to pension benefits on reaching retirement age. It is paid in the amount 0.52 of the living wage. The current living wage is 24,459 tenge.

Since 2018 only the monthly schedule of pension payments is provided, instead of the annual and quarterly.

Sources: §17 and 18 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 16.06.1997 № 126-I;  §1, 4, 11, 13, 15 and 16 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About pension provision in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 21.06.2013 № 105-V; §07 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 29.10.2016 № 25-VI; Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About social protection of citizens affected by the nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk nuclear testing facilities’ 18.12.1992 № 1787-XII; §16 and 20 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About minimum social standards and guarantees’ 19.05.2015 № 314-V; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 14.04.2015 № 223; Order of the acting Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 24.02.2016 № 139

Пенсия по Случаю Потери Кормильца

Kazakh legislation provides family members of the deceased breadwinner the right to survivors' benefit:

  1. children (adopted children) under 18 years of age (disabled - no age limit);
  2. brothers, sisters and grandchildren under 18 years of age (disabled - no age limit), if they do not have employable parents or alimony;
  3. the age limit is raised for children to 23 years in the case of full time students;
  4. parent, spouse, grandfather, grandmother, brother or sister (regardless of age and disability), if he (she) is taking care of children, brothers, sisters or grandchildren up to 3 years old of the deceased breadwinner.

One insurance survivors' benefit is assigned for all dependent family members. Upon written request of dependent family member, his/her share of social benefit will be allocated and paid him separately.

The survivors' benefit is calculated through a complex formula, included average monthly income, minimum wage, income replacement rates, number of dependents and length of participation.

Dependent family members of the deceased breadwinner have a right to get survivors' allowance. The list of them is established by the Law ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’. The members of the deceased breadwinner of the family are recognized his dependents, if they were on its full maintenance, or recipients of its assistance, which was for them a permanent and main source of livelihood. Allowance for loss of breadwinner is set for period, during which the member of the family of the deceased is considered to be disabled. The rate of survivors' allowance depends on coefficients and living wage. The current living wage is 24,459 tenge.

Sources: §22 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II; §13-16 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 16.06.1997 № 126-I; §07 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 30.11.2015 № 426-V; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 14.04.2015 № 223; Order of the acting Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 24.02.2016 № 139

Пенсия по инвалидности

The invalidity benefit is paid monthly to citizens recognized as disabled (I, II or III disability group). The recognition of a disabled citizen and establishment of disability is done by federal medical and social protection agencies. The invalidity benefit is set regardless of the employment, but it depends on the cause, date of establishment and group of disability. A person may be assessed with a Group I (incapacity for any kind of work), Group II (incapacity for usual work), or Group III (capacity for work) disability.

The rates of the social invalidity benefit are established by the Law ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ and depends on coefficients and living wage. The current living wage is 24,459 tenge.

Other measures of social protection of disabled people are established by the Law ‘About social protection of disabled persons in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ and departmental acts: rehabilitation, medical care, social amenities, etc. There is a provision for a flat rate monthly benefit (state social assistance) according to assessed degree and prescribed category of disability.  Under social insurance system, a monthly benefit is paid based on the difference between average monthly earnings in last 24 months and 80% of the monthly minimum wage multiplied by the income replacement rate, the loss of working capacity rate and covered period rate. The loss of working capacity rate is 0.7 for a loss of working capacity of 80% to 100% (Group I disability); 0.5 for a working capacity loss of at least 60% but less than 80% (Group II disability); and 0.3 for a working capacity loss of at least 30% but less than 60% (Group III disability). Similarly, income replacement  and covered period rates are provided under the law. The invalidity benefit ceases once a worker reaches the retirement age and the benefit is replaced by old age pension.

Sources: §13 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About social protection of disabled persons in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 13.04.2005 № 39-III; §6, 8, 9, 11 and 12 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 16.06.1997 № 126-I; § 21 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II; §07 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 29.10.2016 № 25-VI; Order of the acting Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 24.02.2016 № 139; Order of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan 14.04.2015 № 223

Нормативное регулирование социального обеспечения

  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О республиканском бюджете на 2017-2019 годы” от 29.10.2016 № 25-VI / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About republican budget for 2017 - 2019 years’ 29.10.2016 № 25-VI
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О минимальных социальных стандартах и их гарантиях” от 19.05.2015 № 314-V (в ред. от 16.11.2015) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About minimum social standards and guarantees’ 19.05.2015 № 314-V (version 16.11.2015)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “Об обязательном социальном страховании” от 25.04.2003 № 405-II (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About compulsory social insurance’ 25.04.2003 № 405-II (version 06.04.2016)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О социальной защите граждан, пострадавших вследствие ядерных испытаний на Семипалатинском испытательном ядерном полигоне” от 18.12.1992 № 1787-XII (в ред. от 31.03.2014) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About social protection of citizens affected by the nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk nuclear testing facilities’ 18.12.1992 № 1787-XII (version 31.03.2014)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О государственных социальных пособиях по инвалидности, по случаю потери кормильца и по возрасту в Республике Казахстан” от 16.06.1997 № 126-I (в ред. от 06.04.2016) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About state social allowance for disability, loss of the breadwinner and age in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 16.06.1997 № 126-I (version 06.04.2016)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О занятости населения” от 06.04.2016 № 482-V / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About employment of the population’ 06.04.2016 № 482-V
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О пенсионном обеспечении в Республике Казахстан” от 21.06.2013 № 105-V (в ред. от 09.04.2016) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About pension provision in the Republic of Kazakhstan’ 21.06.2013 № 105-V (version 09.04.2016)
  • Закон Республики Казахстан “О социальной защите граждан, пострадавших вследствие ядерных испытаний на Семипалатинском испытательном ядерном полигоне” от 18.12.1992 № 1787-XII (в ред. от 31.03.2014) / Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About social protection of citizens affected by the nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk nuclear testing facilities’ 18.12.1992 № 1787-XII (version 31.03.2014)
  • Приказ и.о. Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан “Об утверждении Правил использования пенсионных выплат по возрасту, за выслугу лет и государственных социальных пособий по инвалидности, по случаю потери кормильца медико-социальными учреждениями (организациями)” от 24.02.2016 № 139 / Order of the acting Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘About approval of Rules of use of pension benefits by age, seniority and the state social benefits for disability, loss of the breadwinner by medical and social institutions (organizations)’ 24.02.2016 № 139
  • Уголовный кодекс Республики Казахстан 2014 г. (в ред. от 09.04.2016) / Сriminal Сode of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2014 (version 09.04.2016)
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