Принудительный Труд

Запрет Принудительного Труда

Forced labor is prohibited. Nevertheless, it is permitted only on a sentence of court or in a state of emergency or martial law. The forced labor is work under the threat of any penalty (violent impact) and for which a person has not offered himself voluntarily. By the Criminal Code, forced labor is the part of the legal term ‘exploitation’. It is used as qualificatory circumstance of the crime, for example of kidnapping.

Sources: §24 of the Constitution; §7 of the Labour Code; § 3, 125 - 126, 128 and 135 of the Criminal Code 

Право на смену работы и увольнение

Everyone has the right to freedom of labor, free choice of occupation and profession, according to the Constitution and the Labour Code. For terminating contract by the parties' agreement, one party must notify the other. The second party must answer during three working days in written form. Date of termination of the employment contract is established by the agreement.

The employee may leave job by his own initiative after serving one month written notification. The employment contract is allowed to establish a longer term. The employer may agree to an earlier discharge.

The worker has the right to notify in writing about the breach of conditions of the contract by the employer. If the notified breach continues after seven days of complaint, the employee may quit by written notice to the employer within the next three working days.

Sources: §24 of the Constitution; § 4, 5, 50 and 56 of the Labour Code

Нарушение Требований к Условиям Труда

According to the Labour Code, normal working hours should not exceed 40 hours per week. Overtime work must not exceed two hours during the day, but in heavy, harmful, and dangerous work, the limit is reduced to one hour. The total duration of overtime work must not be more than 12 hours per month and 120 hours per year. In a six-day working week, maximum overtime work may be 12 hours (total duration of working hours - 52 hours).

Sources: §68 of the Labour Code